318 - The Real Detroit

No ano passado Detroit declarou sua falência. Apelidada de “Motor City”, símbolo da América automotiva e sede de três das suas grandes corporações mundiais (General Motors, Ford e Chrysler), Detroit não tem conseguido sobreviver à recessão. Turistas já temem a violência, e um problema maior são as matilhas de cães abandonados. Mas há artistas que não se dão por vencidos! by JONATHAN CAMERON; photos by Edwin Goodwin.



Travel

On July 18th the city of Detroit in Michigan {tip text="abriu falência" title=" filed for bankruptcy "} filed for bankruptcy {/tip}. The city has estimated debts of $20 billion and this is the biggest municipal bankruptcy in American history. In many ways the situation is surprising. It is true that Detroit has had many problems in recent years but, {tip text=" segundo" title=" according to "} according to {/tip} an article that appeared in the Financial Times in June, {tip text=" centro da cidade" title=" downtown "} downtown {/tip} Detroit is having a revival.

Motown!

Detroit is certainly an interesting place and it has a number of original tourist attractions. The city’s {tip text="apelido" title=" nickname "} nickname {/tip} is “Motown,” which is an abbreviation of “Motor Town.” It is the home of Ford, Chrysler and General Motors. It is the capital of the American automobile industry. And when a young African American called Berry Gordy decided to found a {tip text=" gravadora" title=" record company"} record company {/tip} in 1959, he called it “Motown.” Motown was the home of Diana Ross and the Supremes, The Four Tops, Marvin Gaye, the Jackson Five and Stevie Wonder. Gordy later moved his company to Los Angeles, but you can still visit the original Motown building in Detroit.

Industry

These days Detroit is a poor city with many abandoned buildings, but in the glory days of the automobile industry it was a very rich place. This is evident in the Detroit Institute of Arts, or DIA. Here you can find work by Degas and Cezanne but the most spectacular piece is the massive mural, “Detroit Industry,” by the Mexican artist Diego Rivera. Detroit also has some great architecture from the automobile era. Unfortunately, Michigan Central Station is one of the city’s many abandoned buildings, but the Fisher Building is a busy place, with cafes, shops, restaurants and a theatre.

Cars and Dogs

Cars are still a big part of life in Detroit. One of the city’s biggest events is the Woodward Dream Cruise in August. Time magazine calls it a “celebration of the automobile, with {tip text=" desfiles " title=" parades "} parades {/tip} , music and food.” Many tourists are worried about visiting Detroit because it is considered a dangerous place, but the real problem is dogs {tip text" mais do que, ao invés de" title=" rather than "} rather than {/tip} crime. There are an estimated 50,000 {tip text=" cães abandonados" title=" stray dogs"} stray dogs {/tip} in the city. Many {tip text=" pertenciam" title=" belonged "} belonged {/tip} to residents who left, while others belonged to people who lost their jobs and {tip text=" não têm condições de mantê-los" title=" can’t afford to keep them "} can’t afford to keep them {/tip}. Not only that, these dogs often {tip text=" caçam em matilhas" title=" hunt in packs "} hunt in packs " {/tip}, attacking people, and they sleep in those abandoned buildings. {tip text=" não diga que não avisamos!" title=" Don’t say we didn’t warn you!"} Don’t say we didn’t warn you!" {/tip}