317 - Lords, Ladies And Gentlemen

Lorde, duque, duquesa, barão e baronesa... o que significam esse títulos? Façamos uma viagem pelo complicado mundo dos títulos honorários ingleses! Para começar: os Beatles não são barões, e somente cidadãos britânicos podem ser tratados por “Sir” – e nem todos os títulos são hereditários. Mas não deixe de ouvir a gravação, porque a pronúncia de alguns títulos é um tanto quanto surpreendente... by Spencer Godfrey Balchin


This month we try to explain aristocratic titles in Great Britain, a country which, as you know, is a monarchy. The British Parliament has two {tip text=" câmaras" title=" chambers "} chambers {/tip} : {tip text=" Câmara dos Comuns e Câmara dos Lordes" title=" the House of Commons and the House of Lords "} the House of Commons and the House of Lords {/tip}. The lords are also called {tip text=" pares, (“nobres”) colegas" title=" peers "} peers {/tip}. This word comes from the Latin pares and it means “equals.” The collective group of lords is called “the peerage.” The peerage is divided into five categories. They are: Duke and Duchess, Marquess and Marchioness, {tip text=" Conde " title=" Earl "} Earl {/tip} and Countess, Viscount and Viscountess, and Baron and Baroness. These titles are all hereditary.


There is a sixth hereditary title: Baronet. King James I created this title in May, 1611 because he needed money for his military campaigns in Ireland. Rich men became baronets {tip text=" em troca de… " title=" in exchange for "} in exchange for {/tip} £1,000. A Baronet is not a member of the House of Lords.


Officially, {tip text=" não há nenhum título hereditário novo desde 1964" title=" there have been no new hereditary titles since 1964 "} there have been no new hereditary titles since 1964 {/tip} when the Labour Party won the general election. There have, {tip text=" no entanto" title=" however "} however {/tip}, been exceptions: {tip text=" ex" title=" former "} former {/tip} Conservative prime minister Harold Macmillan became an earl in 1984, Mrs. Thatcher became a Baroness in 1990, and her husband, Denis Thatcher, became a Baronet. Prince William became the Duke of Cambridge on the morning of his marriage to Catherine “Kate” Middleton on April 29th, 2011.


A {tip text="título de cavaleiro" title=" “Knighthood” "} “Knighthood” {/tip} is non-hereditary and it carries the title “Sir.” Only citizens of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth can receive this honour. Famous examples include Manchester United manager, Sir Alex Ferguson, James Bond star Sir Sean Connery, Beatle Sir Paul McCartney and Rolling Stone Sir Michael “Mick” Jagger.


And then there are the {tip text=" ordens " title=" Orders "} Orders {/tip} of the British Empire. These include C.B.E. (Commander of the Order of the British Empire), O.B.E. (Officer of the Order of the British Empire) and M.B.E. (Member of the Order of the British Empire). These honours are given to people for their contributions to Britain or Commonwealth countries.


On October 16th, 1965 all four Beatles received an M.B.E. from the Queen. According to an urban legend, before the ceremony they smoked a {tip text=" baseado, maconha" title=" joint "} joint {/tip} in the men’s room at Buckingham Palace! It is definitely true that John Lennon gave his M.B.E. back in 1969. He wrote: “Your Majesty, I am returning this in protest against Britain’s {tip text=" participação, envolvimento" title=" involvement "} involvement {/tip} in the Nigeria-Biafra thing, {tip text=" contra a queda nas paradas (da música) ‘Cold Turkey’" title=" against our support of America in Vietnam and against ‘Cold Turkey’ slipping down the charts "} against our support of America in Vietnam and against ‘Cold Turkey’ slipping down the charts {/tip}. With Love, John Lennon.”
Rolling Stone Mick Jagger became “Sir Michael Jagger” in 2003. He received his knighthood from Prince Charles. The Queen refused to take part because she considered him “an inappropriate candidate for the title.” People believe Jagger had a relationship with her {tip text= " falecida " title=" late "} late {/tip} sister, Princess Margaret.