280 - The Canterbury Tales

Que tal um pouco de Idade Média? O clássico da literatura inglesa de Geoffrey Chaucer pode ser revivido em uma original atração turística na cidade de Canterbury. Os próprios personagens é que contam as histórias; e a experiência termina em meio às lojinhas de souvenir...
by John Rigg.

Canterbury, a beautiful city in Kent just 56 miles (90 kilometres) south-east of London, is the original home of Christianity in England.
St. Augustine, who converted the English to Christianity, came to Canterbury in 597 {yootooltip title=[ AD ]} AD - depois de Cristo (Anno Domini) {/yootooltip} and built St. Martin’s – England’s first church.

Canterbury is, however, more famous for another date: 29th December 1170. This is the day that Archbishop Thomas Becket became a Christian martyr, when he was {yootooltip title=[ murdered ]} murdered - assassinado {/yootooltip} inside the Cathedral by supporters of King Henry II. {yootooltip title=[ Pilgrims ]} pilgrims - peregrinos {/yootooltip} pay homage to him by travelling from London to his {yootooltip title=[ shrine ]} shrine - santuário {/yootooltip} in Canterbury Cathedral.
The 14th century English poet Geoffrey Chaucer wrote about the pilgrims in his literary classic The Canterbury Tales. Visitors can now {yootooltip title=[ step back into the Middle Ages ]} step back into the Middle Ages - retroceder aos tempos da Idade Média {/yootooltip} and join the pilgrims at The Canterbury Tales Visitors’ Attraction: a fascinating audiovisual experience. This popular attraction, inside St Margaret’s Church in the city centre, takes visitors on an imaginary journey from London’s Tabard Inn to Becket’s shrine in Canterbury Cathedral. On the way, Chaucer’s {yootooltip title=[ characters ]} characters - personagens {/yootooltip} come to life and tell their {yootooltip title=[humorous]} humorous - cômicas, engraçadas {/yootooltip}, romantic and occasionally horrific stories. There’s the {yootooltip title=[ Knight ]} knight - cavaleiro {/yootooltip} and his story of two men who fall in love with the same young girl; there’s the wonderful Wife of Bath who reveals what women {yootooltip title=[ truly ]} truly - verdadeiramente {/yootooltip} desire; and the {yootooltip title=[ Pardoner ]} pardoner - pregador que na Idade Média vendia indulgências papais {/yootooltip} who {yootooltip title=[ scares everyone ]} scares everyone - assusta todo mundo {/yootooltip} with a tale of death and {yootooltip title=[trickery]} trickery - com um conto de morte e trapaça {/yootooltip}. The journey ends at a medieval market where {yootooltip title=[ traders ]} traders - comerciantes {/yootooltip} sell souvenirs.

Canterbury is situated on the {yootooltip title=[ banks ]} banks - margens {/yootooltip} of the River Great Stour and the boats of the Historic River Tour Company offer a good way to discover the city’s history and escape its busy streets.
The countryside around Canterbury offers small picturesque villages, {yootooltip title=[ ancient woods ]} ancient woods - antigas florestas {/yootooltip} and two popular {yootooltip title=[ seaside resorts ]} seaside resorts - balneários {/yootooltip} in Whitstable and Herne Bay.

Chaucer had an adventurous life (1342/43-1400). He served in King Henry II’s diplomatic service in his teens; in fact, he was taken prisoner in France when he was just fifteen. He was released when the King paid a {yootooltip title=[ ransom ]} ransom - resgate {/yootooltip} of sixteen pounds (€20). He spent his life employed by various members of the Royal Family and became a respected gentleman of the court. In 1372 he travelled to Genoa to establish a {yootooltip title=[trade agreement]} trade agreement - acordo comercial {/yootooltip}, and to Florence to {yootooltip title=[ negotiate a loan ]} negotiate a loan - negociar um empréstimo {/yootooltip} for the King. During his visit he discovered the work of Giovanni Boccaccio. Boccaccio’s Decameron no doubt inspired him to write English literature’s first masterpiece: The Canterbury Tales.

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Fill in the blanks after reading The Canterbury Tales.